Civil Matters & Torts

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Civil Litigation

Attorney Shanthy Balachanthiran provides legal services and representation on all matters of civil litigation for both plaintiffs and defendants. Civil litigation encompasses a broad range of matters but essentially relates to any litigation where a party seeks money damages from another or a specific order from the court compelling the adverse party to take some action or to refrain from taking some action.  


To file a suit, the plaintiff must have a cause of action or a legal basis for his her actions.  Examples of civil litigation include: personal injury cases, property damage disputes, contract disputes, partnership disputes, business litigation, medical malpractice, breaches of fiduciary duty, product liability law, real estate law, creditor rights, and consumer rights. Attorney Shanthy Balachanthiran is dedicated to protecting the interests of her clients in all cases. In some cases, the client’s interests will be better served through mediation or alternate dispute resolution, which can eliminate the need for complicated litigation. Bala Law offers superior customer service by accommodating our clients in every way possible. 


For those clients who have difficulty traveling, we meet with them in their home. We can represent clients in matters that involve legal issues that may arise between friends, relatives, consumers and businesses, businesses, partners, etc. Some of our areaas of civil law practice include, but are not limited to the following: 

  • Products Liability
  • Shareholder Disputes
  • Contract Disputes
  • Insurance 
  • Construction Defects 
  • Fiduciary Liability 
  • Fraud
  • Class Action Litigation 
  • Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
  • Negligence 
  • Gross Negligence 
  • Vicarious Liability (Employer Liability)

Life Cycle of a Typical Civil Litigation Case

If a civil matter does not get resolved during negotiations, the next step is to proceed to trial. Civil litigation can be divided into several stages, including investigation, pleadings, discovery, pretrial proceedings, potential settlement or trial, and even appeal. Discovery is typically the longest and most labor-intensive stage of a case. Unlike the way they are often portrayed on television, civil attorneys spend comparatively little time in the trial. Much of their time is devoted to the discovery stage -- the exchange of information pertinent to the case through depositions, interrogatories, and subpoenas. The latter are demands for information or documents from third parties. Depositions and interrogatories involve questions posed under penalty of perjury to the parties in a lawsuit.   Deposition questions are posed orally under oath. Interrogatories are written questions.   


Not every lawsuit passes through each stage -- in fact, most do not. The majority of lawsuits are settled by agreement of the parties and never reach the courtroom. Parties can settle during a trial, even after a jury has begun deliberating or has delivered a verdict. They can settle or stipulate to some aspects of the lawsuit, leaving others in the hands of the judge or jury. When a case does go all the way to trial, the entire process, from filing documents with the court to initiate the case through resolution, can take anywhere from a few months to several years.